Escumbuit (Coming Soon!)
Abenaki Warrior: The Life and Times of Chief Escumbuit by Alfred E. Kayworth

Graylock (c.1670-1750) was a Western Abenaki Missisquoi chief of Woronoco/Pocomtuc
ancestry, born near Westfield (MA). Continued English settlement onto Abenaki lands erupted
into a new conflict in 1722. While the French, New York colonists, and Iroquois looked on,
Abenakis from coastal Maine to Lake Champlain focused raids on the Massachusetts Colony
in the conflict known variously as Dummer's War, Three Years War, Lovewell's War, The War
with the Eastern Indian or Father Rasle's War. Gray Lock distinguished himself by conducting
guerrilla raids into Vermont and western Massachusetts. He consistently eluded his pursuers,
and acquired the name Wawanolet (also Wawanolewat, Wawanotewat), meaning "he who fools
the others, or puts someone off the track." Eastern Abenaki groups made peace with
Massachusetts in 1725 and 1726, and Abenakis from Canada agreed to peace terms in 1727,
but Gray Lock refused to. Although it is not clear whether he was actually ever personally
associated with the mountain, perhaps in tribute to his notoriety the mountain came to bear his
name."  (Excerpt from

Louis Cook (1737-1814) was chief and warrior of the Seven Nations.  He  was the son of
"coloured man & his mother an Indian woman of the Abaniquis tribe."   He served  in the
Revolutionary War.  By the time of the War of  1812, he was too old to fight however his name
and reputation carried a lot of weight with the Natives.  (For more information visit:

Molly Ockette (Coming Soon!)

Peter Sabbattis ( Abt. 1751-1859)
was more commonly referred to as Captain Peter, earned
his title during his service in the Revolutionary War.  He was a well known hunter and trapper.  
Capt. Peter died at the age of 108.  

Mitchel Sabbattis (1823- ? ) was a well noted Indian Guide born at St. Francis, who figured
intensively into the history of that area.  He was well known for his hunting, survival skills and
as well as his knowledge of the forest.  In the days when moose were plentiful, he killed 20 of
them.  The last one was hunted in 1854.  Mitchel Sabbattis has been written up in many
histories of the Adirondacks.

Frank Longtoe ( 1871-1949) was "The Masked Marvel,"  a well dressed Pocket Billiards
Player, who always wore a mask and was never photographed without his mask.  The masked
Marvel accepted  all challenges including Ralph Greenleaf.  In 1931, Ripley's Believe It Or Not,
features him as "The Best Player in the World," winning 1500 out of 1512 games over a 3
years period.  The masked marvel was known to keep company with Kid Sheehan. Frank later
changed his last name to Lanctan.

Frank "Kid" Sheehan (1885-1952) was a Bantam weight Prizefighter.  His boxed in 409 bouts
from 1900-1925, winning many if not most of his fights in Massachusetts, Vermont, New York,
Nova Scotia and Quebec, often accepting matches as a way to visit his Abenaki relatives.  

Robert Tessier (1933-1990) served as a  Paratrooper in the Korean War earning a Silver
Star and Purple Heart.  Making his film debut in 1967 in movie "Glory Stompers," he was well
known throughout his career, as a burly villain with a shaved head and scowl.  Robert Tessier
quite often played Native American characters role on both television and Film.   Some of the
movies he is remembered for are:  "The Deep,"   "The Last of the Mohegans",, "The Times"
with Charles Bronson,  The longest Yard with Burt Reynolds.   He was as talented an Actor as
a Stunt Man and even founded a Stunt Troupe.   

Homer St. Francis ( ? -2001)  " was willing to stand up for Abenaki people, land, ancestors,
and local recognition at a time when most Vermonters, and many others, refused to
acknowledge that the Abenaki even existed. Homer was especially important in forcing his
neighbors to recognize the numbers of Abenaki people still living in our traditional, original
Abenaki homelands in New England, particularly in Swanton, VT. Many people still mistakenly
believe the only remaining Abenakis are those living at the Canadian reserve called Odanak or
St. Francis."  (Excerpt from "Remembering Chief Homer St. Francis" By Margaret Bruchac.  
The full article is available at:
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Famous Abenakis

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Elnu Abenaki Tribe